Diving in cuba
Cuba is one of the best diving spots in the Caribbean. First, the territory of the former Spanish colony consists of many small islands and coral reefs, which are concentrated around the largest island. Thus, the four archipelagoes form a gigantic barrier, comparable in size even to the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. This allows divers to not be afraid of strong currents and provides horizontal visibility of not less than 40 meters.
Secondly, the rich world of underwater Cuban flora and fauna will amaze even an experienced diver. It is in this part of the Caribbean that one can find the largest number of representatives of different species characteristic of this warm sea. Thirdly, despite the rainy seasons, you can dive here year-round. Water temperature does not fall below 24 ° C.
Fourthly, some of the most important from the point of view of environmental protection of territories are included in national parks and reserves, which ensures the safety of rare representatives of the underwater world and the necessary purity of water. And finally, fifthly, in Cuba, both beginners and professionals can dive. Numerous diving centers are ready to rent equipment and help organize day and night dives.
Beginning in 2010, tourists visiting the second largest city of the island of Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, have been offered a unique opportunity to see the remains of a Spanish ship of the 19th century alive. Cruisers sank during the battle of 1898 with US ships having the advantage.
The underwater world of the island – amazing coral gardens, caves, curved canals and tunnels, colorful meadows covered with sea sponges of various shapes. Many marine animals inhabit the coral reefs: mollusks, crustaceans, about 500 species of tropical fish. In addition, many “wrecks” (the remains of sunken ships). Dive points (there are about 500 of them) are often located in protected natural areas. Interesting dive sites are located near Maria la Gorda, and not far from Cayo Coco Island is the country’s largest coral reef, the second largest in the world (after the Great Barrier Reef).
There are no strong currents in the coastal waters of the island, visibility under water reaches 30-40 m, the depth of the dives is up to 40 meters, and the water temperature ranges from +24 ° C to +28 ° C throughout the year.
Thanks to special beginner schools, as well as professional instructors with CMAS and ACUC certificates, both professionals and beginners can practice diving on the island.
The most interesting for fans of scuba diving will be, above all, the capital of the Cuban Republic of Havana and Santiago de Cuba. A meeting with different types of coral and tropical fish inhabiting them, for example, a soldier-fish, will occur if you dive to a shallow depth. Deep-sea spaces will be able to please the swordfish and blue marlin. Shipwrecks are a local landmark. In addition to the largest cities of the island, opportunities for diving provide the city of Cienfuegos, one of the main scuba diving centers, Trinidad and the Bay of Pigs (Cochinos Bay). Cienfuegos is a variety of fish, stingrays, turtles, sharks and all sorts of corals. Trinidad Protected by UNESCO with different types of fish and underwater caves of the bay associated with the lake system are no less interesting.
Bay of Pigs – a popular place among divers. You can dive both in the open sea and in the cenotes. The original name of the gulf is a tribute not to the inhabitants of the farms, but to the Spanish name Atlantic fish of the triggerfish.
Juventud or “Youth Island” is the second largest after Cuba and another underwater mecca for divers. The local national park provides its spaces for everyone. Ramps, barracudas, parrot fish, turtles – the main inhabitants of the seabed. This is where the underwater photography competition takes place. Aerobatics among divers is swimming through tunnels in the coral walls.
The islands of the archipelagoes Jardines del Rey, Los Colorados, Los Canarreos and Jardines de la Reina are famous places among divers. The greatest demand is the Jardines de la Reina, Cayo Coco, Cayo Santa Maria, Cayo Largo and Cayo Lewis National Park.